UPSC Exams NCERT Geography Notes

UPSC Exams NCERT Geography Notes

The NCERT board has announced the exam dates and syllabus for Class 6 to 12. The exams will be held from March to May 2019. The NCERT Board has released the syllabus of Geography in English language only. Here is a list of all chapters of NCERT Notes on Geography with key takeaways and explanations:

Indian Geography, Chapter 4, Physical Features of India

The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world. They run from the Kashmir region in the north-west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.

The Himalayas form part of what is known as Asia's "Peninsula of Hindustan", a name coined by Alexander Cunningham when he published his book, "A Topographical Description of India", in 1859.

The Himalayan Mountain

The Himalayas are the world's highest mountain range and a part of the Indian subcontinent. They are formed by the collision of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate. The Himalayan Mountain range stretches from Kashmir in Pakistan to Tibet, China and Bhutan. It is also known as “Parvati” or "Parvat" (mountain) because it comprises four ranges: Western Himalaya, Central Himalaya, Eastern Himalaya and Karakoram Range.

Northern Plains

The Northern Plains are the largest part of India. They are divided into four blocks: Eastern, Western, Central and Northern Plains.

The eastern part consists of the Ganges-Brahmaputra River delta region (also known as the Ganga-Brahmaputra Delta) which lies between latitude 22°30'N and 23°30'N and longitude 91°40'E - 94°30'E and 100° N – 105° E respectively. In this block there are seven river deltas including Brahmaputra Valley in Assam state; Meghna River valley in Rajshahi district; Churni Rocky Desert near Sylhet city etc., all major rivers flow into Bay of Bengal through these areas.*

The western part has two subdivisions: Satpura Range which extends from Rajasthan through Madhya Pradesh to Maharashtra state boundary at 19∙28',00”E longitude 88∙53’00″E latitude 25∙19”N; Malwa Plateau lying between 17∙50′1º North Latitude 27∙00º North Longitude 93º50′8º East Longitude.*

Central plains covers most parts under Bihar & Uttar Pradesh except east bank portion where it borders Nepal.* Northern plains covers entire northern parts but not entire desert like Thar Desert or Indus Basin because there is bordering land mass called Tibet which separate them from other regions

Peninsular Plateau

The Peninsular Plateau is a vast plateau in the Indian subcontinent. It is the largest plateau in India, extending from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu.

The Satpura Range, which forms its southern boundary, consists of two parallel ranges: Vindhya Range and Satpura-Vindhyan range.


India has about 7500 islands, which are spread across the eastern and western coastlines. Most of them are in Andaman and Nicobar Islands or Lakshadweep Islands.

NCERT Notes, key takeaways and explanations for all chapters of Class 6 to 12.

NCERT Geography Notes, key takeaways and explanations for all chapters of Class 6 to 12.

NCERT Geography Books - A comprehensive study guide with detailed chapter by chapter analysis, cover page, table of contents and appendices. Also provides many practice questions with solutions at the end of each chapter.

NCERT Geography Study Material - This book contains all the important topics that you need to know about geography in detail so that you can ace your exams or get good marks in them! You will also find some interesting facts about geography in this book which might help you understand some concepts better or improve your understanding of them if they are not clear enough yet! The best part is that it comes with an answer key as well!


These NCERT Notes are the best to help you prepare for the UPSC Exams. The only way to get a perfect score is practice and practice.

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